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Four areas in a Montessori environment for children 3 - 6 years old

Updated: Dec 13, 2021

The Montessori environment for children ages 3 to 6 is divided into four main areas of learning: practical life, sensorial, language and mathematics. This areas are meant to give order and structure to the classroom and to all concrete materials. As important as the indoor environment, there are also outdoor environments that will provide the child the opportunity of movement and being in contact with nature.

Practical Life:

This area is the foundation for other academic learning areas in a Montessori environment. It includes a variaty of purposeful activities focus on developing independence, coordination of movement, concentration and respect and love for the environment. This area is divided into five subareas which are: activities of everyday life (preliminary exercises), care of the environment, care of the person, grace / courtesy and movement.

Some of the activities in this area are: washing dishes, polishing wood, sweeping, pouring, transferring, etc. Children are encouraged to gain independence, which builds confidence and teaches valuable skills.


This area focuses on the fact that children learn better through sensorial experiences. All the activities in this area allow the child to refine each of the senses: sight, touch, smell, hearing, taste, stereognostic (ability to identify an object by touching it but without seeing it).

The sensorial exercises isolate particular qualities of the material such as: smell, texture, size, weight, color, temperature, etc. Children will learn concepts like large to small, wide to narrow, and also color matching with the help of hands-on activities. This area is also focused on the refining of the senses.

Some of the activities in this area are: sound boxes, pink tower, knoble cylinders, red rods and so much more.


This area is meant to help children to built their personalities. Children are encourage to self- express their own ideas and emotions. It is also aimed to develope written and spoken language. Children are exposed to materials that will guide them to learn how to write before they can read. Children first trace sandpaper letters so that they can learn alphabet sounds through touch as well as visually. They are able to build sounds in a better way using this multi-sensory approach to reading and learning words. In order to move towards being able to write, they trace letters as well as shapes with pencils. Writing is emphasized using cursive lettering according to the Montessori method.

Children have an incredible interest for the world around them, for that reason throughout language extensions materials they gain knowledge in Geography, Biology, History, Science, Músic, Art and General Culture.

Some of the materials children manipulate in this area are: sandpaper letters, movable alphabet, classification cards (3 part cards) definition sets, etc.


In Montessori mathematics are taught by concrete, hands-on materials. Children learn mathematics through discovery as opposed to relying on memorizing information. This way of learning will grow within the child to understand the concepts of mathematics in a more comprehensive way. For example, they start by counting beads and objects, then move from these concrete experiences to abstract concepts such as numerals which are representation of quantities.

Some of the materials in this area are: numeral rods, numerals and counters, linear counting, addition, subtration, multiplication and division charts, etc.

You can download a brief explanation of the four areas in a Montessori Enviroment for children 3 to 6 years.

Download PDF • 1.09MB

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